Modeling the Reciprocal Relationship between Metropolitan Roadway Expansion and Urban Land Development with Elementary Extensions to Environmental Consequences

  • Philip C. Emmi
  • Craig Forster


Within North American metropolitan regions, growth in urban land development, vehicular travel, and roadway capacity consistently outpace growth in either people or jobs. More puzzling is this trio’s rapid growth in regions that are stable or declining in people and jobs. Disproportionate growth in urban land, roads, and traffic relative to people or jobs represents both a challenge and an opportunity.


Reciprocal Relationship Travel Behavior Land Development Travel Demand Road Building 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip C. Emmi
  • Craig Forster

There are no affiliations available

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