Hierarchical Organization

  • Alexander S. Mikhailov
  • Vera Calenbuhr
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN)


Hierarchical organization is typical of complex living systems. Hierarchies of two kinds should be distinguished. Evolutionary hierarchies, such as genealogical trees, are memories of a branching process. The degree of kinship represents a natural measure of distance between elements in such trees, leading to the concept of an ultrametric space. Dynamical hierarchies are formed by coexisting structures of different levels that interact to determine the system’s dynamics.


Spin Glass Hierarchical Organization Ultrametric Space Replica Symmetry High Hierarchical Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexander S. Mikhailov
    • 1
  • Vera Calenbuhr
    • 2
  1. 1.Fritz-Haber-InstitutMax-Planck-GesellschaftBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Joint Research CenterDirectorate for Science Strategy European CommissionBrusselsBelgium

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