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Utility Maximization Within a Constant Threshold or a Threshold Depending on One Alternative

  • Fuad Aleskerov
  • Bernard Monjardet
Chapter
  • 151 Downloads
Part of the Studies in Economic Theory book series (ECON.THEORY, volume 16)

Abstract

In Chapter 2 we have shown that the classic utility maximization model is equivalent to the pair-dominant choice model, with the corresponding binary relation being a weak order. The important property of a weak order is that the indifference relation of a weak order is transitive since it is an equivalence relation. But in Chapter 1 we discussed several examples in which the indifference relation associated with a preference relation is not transitive. In these examples the intransitivity of the indifference relation leads to the insensitivity of the utility evaluation. Now, in Chapter 3, we show how the classic paradigm of binary comparison and optimizational choice can be extended to take account of this insensitivity. In order to do this, we introduce an ε-wide insensitivity zone for the comparison of the utility values and for the choice. Thus, an alternative x is preferred to an alternative y only if its utility value exceeds the utility value of y from the threshold value ε (i.e., if u(x) > u(y) + ε). Throughout this Chapter the value of threshold ε is assumed to be either a positive constant or a function ε(ix) which depends on each alternative (while in other chapters more general definitions of ε will be considered). In the case where the threshold function is non-negative, in Section 3.2 this model of utility maximization is called the interval choice model.

Keywords

Partial Order Binary Relation Linear Order Choice Function Threshold Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuad Aleskerov
    • 1
  • Bernard Monjardet
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Control SciencesMoskowRussia
  2. 2.CERMSEMMSE - Université de Paris IParis Cedex 13France

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