Congenital Anomalies of the Neonatal Upper Airway
Anomalies of the upper airway constitute a relatively uncommon cause of neonatal respiratory distress. Unfortunately, the clinical presentation of some of these malformations is non-specific, yet potentially life threatening. As well, many of these anomalies require a level of skill in airway management which may require subspecialty intervention from those with extensive airway management skills to secure a functional and patent airway in a proper manner. Early radiological recognition of the type of malformation can direct subsequent investigation and airway management into an effective and efficient course. This chapter reviews the imaging manifestations of some of the more common or classic malformations, in conjunction with the usual clinical presentations with which each is associated.
KeywordsTracheal Stenosis Oesophageal Atresia Choanal Atresia Oral Airway Pierre Robin Sequence
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