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Masses of the Sellar and Juxtasellar Region

  • E. C. Bourekas
  • J. W. Miller
  • G. A. Christoforidis

Abstract

Tumors of the sellar and juxtasellar regions are common, accounting for in excess of 10 – 15 % of all intracranial tumors [1]. Although the majority of these are benign tumors, mostly pituitary adenomas, they can cause significant morbidity and a shortened life expectancy. Pituitary adenomas are the most common sellar and suprasellar masses in adults, with meningiomas being the second most common. In children, craniopharyngiomas and chiasmatic/hypothalamic gliomas make up the vast majority of lesions in this region. Adenomas, meningiomas, craniopharyngiomas, chiasmatic/hypothalamic gliomas and aneurysms account for 75 % of sellar and juxtasellar masses [2]. Although the focus of our discussion will be tumors, some non-neoplastic entities will be discussed, since these can be difficult to distinguish from tumors and must be differentiated, since the treatment approach can be very different.

Keywords

Pituitary Adenoma Cavernous Sinus Arachnoid Cyst Optic Chiasm Pituitary Apoplexy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. C. Bourekas
  • J. W. Miller
  • G. A. Christoforidis

There are no affiliations available

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