Mathematical Model for Global Ecological Investigations

  • Kirill Ya. Kondratyev
  • Vladimir F. Krapivin
  • Gary W. Phillips


Science and technical progress and, most importantly, rapid growth in the use of energy, generates numerous problems that require fundamental scientific analysis. They arise primarily from the direct impact of human activity on the environment. The problem concerning not only the coexistence, but also the coevolution and harmonic union of man (system H) and the biosphere (system N), is becoming one of the most important social issues of concern nowadays. However, the investigation into the conditions of mutual evolution of man and the environment does not fit in with any of the traditional scientific trends. First, this problem is diversified. It links up the natural dynamic processes with those processes which are taking place in the society. Its solution in the final analysis is the elaboration of the conditions that would provide a further development of human civilization and the entire species of man (Kondratyev et al. 1997; Kondratyev 1998a, 1999b-d; Moiseyev 1998; Arbatov 2000; Bratimov et al. 2000; Kondratyev and Varostos 2000; Andreev 2001).


Global Model World Ocean Biogeochemical Cycle Greenhouse Effect Nitrogen Flux 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirill Ya. Kondratyev
    • 1
  • Vladimir F. Krapivin
    • 2
  • Gary W. Phillips
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Centre for Ecological SafetyRussian Academy of SciencesSt.-PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Radioengineering and ElectronicsRussian Academy of SciencesFryazino, Moscow RegionRussia
  3. 3.Radiation Medicine DepartmentGeorgetown University Medical CenterUSA

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