Order and Chaos in Galaxies

  • George Contopoulos
Part of the Astronomy and Astrophysics Library book series (AAL)


Galaxies are composed of stars, gas (including dust), and dark matter. The stars and the dark matter produce the main part of the galactic potential and force, while the contribution of the gas in the potential and force is small.


Periodic Orbit Elliptical Galaxy Chaotic Orbit Invariant Curf Resonant Orbit 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Contopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center for AstronomyAcademy of AthensAthensGreece

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