Metamorphic Rocks

  • Kurt Bucher
  • Martin Frey


This chapter deals with the descriptive characterization of metamorphic rocks. Metamorphic rocks are derived from other rocks of igneous, sedimentary or metamorphic origin. The chemical composition of this primary material (=protolith) determines the chemical and mineralogical composition of metamorphic rocks to a large degree. The compositional variation found in the primary material of metamorphic rocks is reviewed in Section 2.1.


Metamorphic Rock Mineral Assemblage Ultramafic Rock Mafic Rock Composition Matrix 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ashworth JR (1985) Migmatites. Blackie, Glasgow, 301 ppCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell TH, Johnson SE (1992) Shear sense: a new approach that resolves conflicts between criteria in metamorphic rocks. J Metamorph Geol 10: 99–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brodie KH, Rutter EH (1985) On the relationship between deformation and metamorphism with special reference to the behaviour of basic rocks. Advances in physical geochemistry. In: Thompson AB, Rubie DC (eds) Advances in physical geochemistry. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 138–179Google Scholar
  4. Carmichael RS (1989) Practical handbook of physical properties of rocks and minerals. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  5. Cooke RA, O’Brien PJ, Carswell DA (2000) Garnet zoning and the identification of equilibrium mineral compositions in high-pressure-temperature granulites from the Moldanubian Zone, Austria. J Metamorph Geol 18: 551–569Google Scholar
  6. Greenwood HJ (1975) Thermodynamically valid projections of extensive phase relationships. Am Mineral 60: 1–8Google Scholar
  7. Kisch HJ (1992) Development of slaty cleavage and degree of very low-grade metamorphism: a review. J Metamorph Geol 9: 735–750CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Orville PM (1969) A model for metamorphic differentiation origin of thin-layered amphibolites. Am J Sci 267: 64–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Selverstone J (1993) Micro-to macroscale interactions between deformational and metamorphic processes, Tauern Window, Eastern Alps. Schweiz Mineral Petrogr Mitt 73: 229–239Google Scholar
  10. Spear FS (1988) Thermodynamic projection and extrapolation of high-variance assemblages. Contrib Mineral Petrol 98: 346–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Spear FS, Rumble D III, Ferry JM (1982) Linear algebraic manipulation of n-dimensional composition space. In: Ferry JM (ed) Characterization of metamorphism through miner-al equilibria, vol 10. Reviews in mineralogy. Mineralogical Society of America, Washing-ton, DC, pp 53–104Google Scholar
  12. Spry A (1969) Metamorphic textures. Pergamon Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Thompson JB (1957) The graphical analysis of mineral assemblages in pelitic schists. Am Mineral 42: 842–858Google Scholar
  14. Thompson JB (1982) Composition space; an algebraic and geometric approach. In: Ferry JM (ed) Characterization of metamorphism through mineral equilibria, vol 10. Reviews in mineralogy. Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, pp 1–31Google Scholar
  15. Tracy RJ, Robinson P (1983) Acadian migmatite types in pelitic rocks of Central Massachu-setts. Migmatites, melting and metamorphism. Shiva, Nantwich, pp 163–173Google Scholar
  16. Williams ML (1994) Sigmoidal inclusion trails, punctuated fabric development and interac-tions between metamorphism and deformation. J Metamorph Geol 12: 1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zeck HP (1974) Cataclastites, hemiclastites, holoclastites, blasto-ditto and myloblastites–cataclastic rocks. Am J Sci 274: 1064–1073CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kurt Bucher
    • 1
  • Martin Frey
  1. 1.Institute of Mineralogy, Petrology and GeochemistryUniversity of FreiburgFreiburg i. Br.Germany

Personalised recommendations