The Habitat

  • Friedrich G. Barth


Both the relevant literature and the labeling of the museum material we used to revise the genus indicate that Cupiennius is a Central American genus (Fig. 1). However, the term “Central American” is used in a rather broad sense here, including the Caribbean, with Cuba, Haiti and Jamaica, as well as parts of Colombia north of the Andes. The present state of our knowledge is also based on extensive contacts with South American arachnologists and searches that I have made in the Atlantic rain forest of Brazil. Until recently, all the evidence was against the possibility of Cupiennius living in South America. The only exception was northern Colombia, where male Cupiennius cubae had been found twice (in Bogotá) and for which one finding of Cupiennius granadensis had been recorded (British Museum, Natural History, London) in 1890 (Lachmuth et al. 1984). But now things have become more complicated, because Cupiennius celerrimus has once again been found in South America (near Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil); from comparisons with material in various Brazilian collections, it has been concluded that this species is present in the northern and northeastern parts of Brazil and also in Venezuela (Brescovit and von Eickstedt 1995).

Figure 1.a

Geographical distribution of seven out of the nine known species of the genus Cupiennius. C. remedius n.sp. was only recently described and is only known from Guatemala (see Chap. II). C. celerrimus was redescribed when found in Tefé (Amazonas) and, according to Brescovit and von Eickstedt, occurs in the north and northeast of Brazil and Venezuela. ○ C. coccineus; Δ C. cubae; □ C. foliatus; C. getazi; ▲ C. granadensis; ■ C. panamensis; * C. salei (continuted on page 14)


Hunt Sonal Chert Colombia Venezuela 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich G. Barth
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Zoologie BiozentrumUniversität WienWienÖsterreich

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