Applications of Integrated Environmental Modelling

  • Yaping Shao
  • Sixiong Zhao


As mentioned in Chap. 2, environmental prediction involves the estimation of future environmental states for given current and/or past conditions. It consists of three categories, namely:
  • The prediction of key variables that quantify the state of the individual components, such as wind, air temperature, humidity and precipitation for the atmosphere; flow speed, temperature and salinity for the ocean; or mass and area distribution of ice and snow, etc;

  • The prediction of the exchange of mass, momentum and energy between the components, in association with major cycles in the environmental system, e.g., the cycles of water, energy, CO2 and aerosol; and

  • The prediction of environmental events and phenomena, such as severe weather, air- and water-pollution episodes, ozone concentration, dust storms, salinisation, etc.


Soil Moisture Geographic Information System Dust Storm Latent Heat Flux Variational Data Assimilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yaping Shao
  • Sixiong Zhao

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