• Gertrude Tumpel-Gugerell
Conference paper


The countries of Central and Eastern Europe have gone through a process of fundamental change since 1989. This transformation from central planning to a market economy, which spread through the former Soviet Union and its successor states in the early 1990s, has reached an advanced state in a number of transition countries. The question now is what still has to be done to bring the transition process to a successful conclusion and how best to do this.


European Union Central Bank Euro Area Transition Economy Transition Country 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gertrude Tumpel-Gugerell

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