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Hypnotic agents

  • Georg E. Cold
  • Bent L. Dahl

Abstract

The effects of hypnotic agents are complex. They produce loss of consciousness, loss of memory, changes in spontaneous activity, attenuation of protective reflexes, loss of postural reflexes and unfavourable side effects such as hallucinations, euphoria, and amnesia. Theoretically many of these effects are mediated through changes in the homeostasis of neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA).

Keywords

Cerebral Blood Flow Cerebral Autoregulation Severe Head Injury Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity Cereb Blood Flow 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Georg E. Cold
    • 1
  • Bent L. Dahl
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroanaesthesiaÅrhus University HospitalÅrhusDenmark

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