Acceleration of Cosmic Ray Particles at Shock Waves
by momentum diffusion (A2) due to cyclotron and/or transit-time damping of the electric fields of the ambient electromagnetic fluctuations, and
by momentum convection due to the compression, i.e. (dV/dz) < 0, of the cosmic ray scattering centers.
KeywordsShock Wave Compression Ratio Spectral Index Magnetic Field Vector Magnetic Helicity
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