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Damage. Gradient of Damage

  • Michel Frémond
Chapter

Abstract

Damage of materials has been modelled by damage quantities within the framework of continuum mechanics [171, 172]. The damage quantities are internal quantities which appear in the expression of the free energy of the material [171, 135, 172, 147, 148, 81]. The many possible expressions for the free energy yield numerous, versatile constitutive laws. The constitutive laws are coupled with the balance law resulting from the principle of virtual power to give predictive theories [171, 231, 96, 147, 148, 11, 81].

Keywords

Size Ratio Nominal Stress Nonlocal Theory Internal Constraint Virtual Power 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Frémond
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire LagrangeLCPCParis Cedex 15France

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