Damage. Gradient of Damage

  • Michel Frémond


Damage of materials has been modelled by damage quantities within the framework of continuum mechanics [171, 172]. The damage quantities are internal quantities which appear in the expression of the free energy of the material [171, 135, 172, 147, 148, 81]. The many possible expressions for the free energy yield numerous, versatile constitutive laws. The constitutive laws are coupled with the balance law resulting from the principle of virtual power to give predictive theories [171, 231, 96, 147, 148, 11, 81].


Entropy Fatigue Brittle Coherence Calcite 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Frémond
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire LagrangeLCPCParis Cedex 15France

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