Remediation/Alleviation of Metal(s) Contaminated Media

  • Frederic R. Siegel


A major role of geochemistry in environmental projects is to assess clean-up possibilities for ecosystems that contain pollutant concentrations of potentially toxic metals that could access a foodweb. This role extends to remediation of environments where, in addition to heavy metals, extreme conditions occur that threaten ecosystem life such as low pH (acidic) waters or waters with limited BOD capacity The targeted cleanup media include solids, liquids and gases from contaminated soils, groundwater and surface waters, sediment (fluvial, lacustrine, estuarine, marine), waste disposal sites and sewage sludge (industrial, agricultural, mining and municipal), and chimney emissions (e.g., smelting and electricity generating facilities).


Heavy Metal Sewage Sludge Toxic Metal Acid Mine Drainage Water Hyacinth 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederic R. Siegel
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesThe George Washington UniversityUSA

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