Introductory Synopsis

  • Friedrich L. Bauer


We must distinguish between cryptography (Greek kryptos hidden) and steganography (Greek steganos, covered). The term cryptographia, to mean secrecy in writing, was used in 1641 by John Wilkins, a founder with John Wallis of the Royal Society; the word ‘cryptography’ was coined in 1658 by Thomas Browne, famous English physician and writer. It is the aim of cryptography to render a message incomprehensible to an unauthorized reader: ars occulte scribendi. One speaks of overt secret writing: overt in the sense of being obviously recognizable as secret writing.


Open Code Secret Message Punctuation Mark Linguistic Steganography Morse Code 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich L. Bauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceMunich Institute of TechnologyMunichGermany

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