Reclamation and Regeneration of Landscapes after Brown Coal Opencast Mining in Six Different Countries

  • Ulrich Stottmeister
  • Alena Mudroch
  • Christopher Kennedy
  • Zdena Matiova
  • Jacek Sanecki
  • Ivan Svoboda
Part of the Environmental Engineering book series (ESE)


The states of Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt in central Germany have a long history of heavy industry. This tradition was continued following the foundation of communist East Germany in 1949. However, throughout its lifetime, much of East German industry remained of pre-war vintage. Until the regime collapsed in 1989, efforts were primarily directed towards boosting industrial output, with scant attention being paid to the environmental costs. A similarly negligent attitude prevailed in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and the other Eastern Bloc countries.


Rainbow Trout Coal Seam Mining Area Coal Mining Brown Coal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Baker RA, Wildshire AG (1970) Microbial factor in acid mine drainage formation: a pilot plant study. Env Science and Technol 4/5:401–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brook C (1989) Environmental aspects of opencast mining with reference to the Rother Valley Country Park. Mining Engineer:191–196Google Scholar
  3. Grecula P. et al. (1997) Mineral resources of Slovakia, Min. of the Environ. of Slovak Republic, Geolog. Survey of Slovak RepublicGoogle Scholar
  4. Guziel A (1988) Ochrona i kształtowanie srodowiska w rozwoju górnictwa w Polsce (Protection and environmental formation in development of mining in Poland) SGGW-AR Warszawa Część I (Part I) (in Polish) pp 50–66Google Scholar
  5. HMSO (1981) Coal and the Environment, Commission on Energy and the Environment, HM Stationary Office, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. Jędrezak A (1992) Skład chemiczny wód pojezierza antrpogenicznego w Luku Mużakowskim (Chemical composition of water of anthropogenic lake district in the “Luk Mużakowski). Zielona Góra. WSI (in Polish with English sum.) pp 54, 140Google Scholar
  7. Koprowska L (1995) Sukcesja fauny dennej w zbiornikach powstałych po wydobyciu węgla brunatnego (Successions of bottom fauna in reservoirs arisen after postexploitation of lignite). AR-T Olsztyn. doctor thesis (in Polish) 42 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Kozacki L (1976) Jeziora antropogeniczne, ich znaczenie i możliwosci zagospodarowania (Anthropogenic lakes, their significance and possibilities of management). Jeziora Ziemi Lubuskiej ich wykorzystanie i ochrona przed zanieczyszczeniami (Lakes in the Ziemia Lubuska their use and protection against pollution). Proceedings Symposium Naukowe, Lagów 18–19.05. 1976. Zielona Góra (in Polish) pp 141–150Google Scholar
  9. Luscar Ltd., Luscar-Sterco Ltd., Cardinal River Coals Ltd., Pisces Environmental Consulting Services Ltd., Bighorn Environmental Design Ltd. (1994) Development of sport fisheries in lakes created by coal mining operations in the Eastern slopes, Luscar Ltd., Cardinal River Coals, Ltd., Pisces Environmental Consulting Services Ltd., and Bighorn Environmental Design, Ltd., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 152 pGoogle Scholar
  10. Matejczuk W (1986) Charakterystyka zbiorników wodnych w wyrobiskach poeksploatacyjnych węgla brunatnego. (Characteristics of water reservoirs in postexploitation workings of lignite). Politechnika Wrocławska, Instytut Inżynierii Ochrony Srodowiska. Wroclaw (in Polish)Google Scholar
  11. Matejczuk W (1989) Plankton poeksploatacyjnych zbiorników wodnych z rejonu Trzebiela (Plankton of postexploitation water reservoirs in the Trzebiel region) Przyroda Srodkowego Nadodrza (Nature of Odra middle course). Zielona Góra (in Polish) pp 92–118Google Scholar
  12. Pietsch W (1970) Ökophysiologische Untersuchungen an Tagebaugewässern der Lausitz. Habillitationschrift, DresdenGoogle Scholar
  13. Proctor R (1990) Opencast Restoration in the UK, article from ‘Minetech 90’ reprinted in Quarry ManagementGoogle Scholar
  14. R.J.B. Mining U.K. Ltd. (1997) Windsor opencast coal site: Proposed developmentGoogle Scholar
  15. Ryhänen R (1961) Über die Einwirkung von Grubenabfällen auf einen dystrophen See. Ann Zool Soc “Vrząd” 22/8:1–70Google Scholar
  16. Statistical yearbook (Rocznik Statystyczny) (1997) Glówny Urząd Statystyczny, Warszawa (in Polish with English and Russian List of Tables) 715 ppGoogle Scholar
  17. Stottmeister U, Gläßer W, Klapper H, Weißbrodt E, Eccarius B, Kennedy C, Schultze M, Wendt-Potthoff K, Frömmichen R, Schreck P, Strauch G (1999) Strategies for Remediation of Former Opencast Mining Areas in Eastern Germany, Chapt. 16 In: Azcue JM (ed) Environmental Impacts of Mining Activities. Springer Berlin Heidelberg New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Šucha V et al. (1995) Determination of the degree and extent of the countryside destruction as a result of ecological breakdown at the locality Banská Štiavnica — Šobov and estimation of the possibilities of restorationGoogle Scholar
  19. Šucha V et al. (1996) Complex model of environmental effects as a result of raw material mining in typical areas in Slovakia. Particular final report. Manuscript. Geofond Bratislava. 118 pGoogle Scholar
  20. Svoboda I (1993) Land Restoration in the North Czech Brown Coal Basin: the new challenges and opportunities. Int J Environ: Issues in Minerals and Energy Industry:151–154Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Stottmeister
    • 1
  • Alena Mudroch
    • 2
  • Christopher Kennedy
    • 3
  • Zdena Matiova
    • 4
  • Jacek Sanecki
    • 5
  • Ivan Svoboda
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Remediation ResearchUFZ Centre for Environmental Research Leipzig-HalleLeipzigGermany
  2. 2.National Water Research InstituteBurlingtonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TorontoToronto
  4. 4.HGM, Ltd.ZilinaSlovakian Republic
  5. 5.K. Starmach Institute, Freshwater BiologyPolish Academy of SciencesKrakówPoland
  6. 6.R-Princip Most, s.r.o.MostCzech Republic

Personalised recommendations