Plant Families

  • Ingrid Roth
  • Helga Lindorf


The family mainly comprises herbs and shrubs, often climbing, while trees are rare. The leaves are usually decussate. The flowers are bilabiate, the ovary is bilocular. The fruit is a loculicidal beaked capsule opening with 2 valves. The funicle develops a hook-like process which aids in the expulsion of the seeds. The seed coat often has a slimy epidermis. Seeds are usually without endosperm, but with a large embryo.


Depression Migraine Gastritis Amylose Dyspepsia 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid Roth
    • 1
  • Helga Lindorf
    • 2
  1. 1.MünstertalGermany
  2. 2.Biología TropicalUniversidad Central de VenezuelaCaracasVenezuela

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