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Cryopreservation of Somatic Embryos from Aesculus hippocastanum L. (Horse Chestnut)

  • Z. Jekkel
  • J. Kiss
  • G. Gyulai
  • E. Kiss
  • L. E. Heszky
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 50)

Abstract

Horse chestnut is the common name for Aesculus hippocastanum. The family Hippocastanaceae contains about 15 species in two genera, Aesculus and Billia, and occurs in the North Temperate Zone. Of the 15 species, one is European, and the others are native to Eurasia and North America. The trees are dicots, characterized by large winter buds covered with resinous, sticky scales; opposite, palmately compound, 10–25 cm long leaves with 5–7 obovate leaflets; large clusters of attractive yellow, red or whitish irregular flowers of four or five petals; and bark that exfoliates in gray plates to show orange-brown inner bark. The fruits are leathery, three-valved capsules containing large, brown seeds (Fig. 1). Many members of the genus Aesculus,commonly called buckeyes, are popular ornamental and shade trees.

Keywords

Somatic Embryo Zygotic Embryo Heat Shock Treatment Horse Chestnut Coconut Milk 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Jekkel
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Kiss
    • 1
  • G. Gyulai
    • 1
  • E. Kiss
    • 1
  • L. E. Heszky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingSt. István UniversityGödöllöHungary
  2. 2.Aventis CropScience HungaryBudapestHungary

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