Electric and Magnetic Fields in Mesoscopic Systems
The quantum Hall effect (QHE) has been one of the most prominent effects in semiconductor transport of recent years; von Klitzing received the Nobel prize in 1985 for its observation in a silicon MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor) . We shall shortly be able to understand the basic quantization. The details of the QHE and of the fractional QHE, for which H.L. Stormer, D.S. Tsui, and R. B. Laughlin obtained the Nobel prize in 1998, however, still give rise to a number of open questions and are subjects of current research.
KeywordsLandau Level Quantum Hall Effect Mesoscopic System Hall Resistance Composite Fermion
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