Quantum Structures

  • Chihiro Hamaguchi


The words “quantum structures” or “quantum effect devices” have been cited very often since the 1980s. Early work on the quantization of electrons was initiated in the 1960s, when electrons in the inversion layer of the MOSFET (Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) were found to be quantized at the interface and to exhibit two-dimensional properties. Then the Quantum Hall effect was discovered in 1980 by van Klitzing et al. [8.15] by using a Si-MOSFET and thereafter the transport properties of a twodimensional electron gas has received a great deal of attention.


Landau Level Quantum Hall Effect Quantum Structure Energy Band Structure High Electron Mobility Transistor 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chihiro Hamaguchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduated School of Engineering, Department of Electronic EngineeringOsaka UniversitySuita City, OsakaJapan

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