Formation of Residues of Organic Pollutants Within the Soil Matrix — Mechanisms and Stability

  • M. Kästner
  • H. H. Richnow
Chapter

Abstract

All anthropogenic organic chemicals form non-extractable residues to some extent when entering soils. This well-known phenomenon has been studied for many years especially in the field of soil agrochemistry. Similar processes have been observed during the bioremediation of oil-contaminated soils (see table 16.3) and the residue formation of toxic and carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is of particular concern. Apart from mineralisation, the formation of non-extractable residues is certainly the major sink of anthropogenic pollutants in soils. However, macromolecular non-extractable xenobiotic residues are difficult to examine by conventional analytical techniques. Therefore, formation, structure and significance of these macromolecular residues in the environment are still unknown today.

Keywords

Sludge Chlorinate Manure Montmorillonite Pyrene 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Kästner
    • 1
  • H. H. Richnow
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Remediation ResearchCentre for Environmental Research Leipzig-Halle (UFZ)USA

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