Control of Insects in Post-Harvest: High Temperature and Inert Atmospheres

  • Francis Fleurat-Lessard
  • Jean-Marc Le Torc’h

Abstract

The methods used in the physical control of stored-product insects are drawn from several different sources. They have been adapted to the many different pest problems that arise during storage, transportation, and processing of cereals and their processed products. Food manufacturers want to be sure that their product will remain free of infestation throughout the distribution and retail system before being consumed. Among the physical methods of control, hermetic packaging with modified atmospheres is one way to insure pest-free delivery of the product. However, this technique is too costly to be used for primary products such as; cereals, dried fruits and dried plants. An alternative to chemical control methods for these products is extreme temperatures, the physical control method of choice (Fleurat-Lessard 1987). In certain situations, mechanical control methods are used to disinfest flour and semolina through impact devices (see Fields et al., Chap. 17). Physical control in stored products integrates many diverse methods, and it requires an in-depth knowledge of their various characteristics to be able to use them effectively in commercial operations. The operations concerned range from the initial storage of a raw product to the delivery of a finished product free of infestation.

Keywords

Permeability Fermentation Dust Transportation Acidity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis Fleurat-Lessard
  • Jean-Marc Le Torc’h

There are no affiliations available

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