Plant Protection and Physical Control Methods the Need to Protect Crop Plants

  • Bernard Panneton
  • Charles Vincent
  • Francis Fleurat-Lessard


Plants, like all living organisms, are preyed upon by various parasites of plant or animal origin, which either directly attack their tissues (fungi, insects, etc.) or cornpete with them for resources (air, water, nutrients in the soil, etc.). For practical as well as economic reasons, crop production has evolved toward monocultures of species grown on relatively extensive surface areas. This has simplified ecosystems, often eroding the inherent complexity of the natural environment. Since pest populations tend to expand under such circumstances, this situation has magnified the risk of serious repercussions on crop plant species (Metcalf and Luckmann 1994; Chap. 2).


Biological Control Natural Enemy Insect Pest Weed Control Integrate Pest Management 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bernard Panneton
  • Charles Vincent
  • Francis Fleurat-Lessard

There are no affiliations available

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