System Calibration Through Self-Calibration
The method of has proved to be one of the most powerful calibration techniques. If used in the context of a general bundle solution it provides for object space coordinates or object features, camera exterior and interior orientation parameters, and models other systematic errors as well. Therefore, because of its flexibility, it may be used in stereo, multi-frame systems, egomotion computations, etc. This chapter gives a brief introduction to the principle of self-calibration, emphasizes some of the problems which are associated with it, and demonstrates with practical data to what extent geometry and network design will influence the determinability of the self-calibration parameters. Finally, a system test will show the high accuracy performance of self-calibrating CCD camera systems.
KeywordsControl Point Additional Parameter Object Space Object Point System Calibration
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.A. Gruen. Towards real-time photogrammetry. Photogrammetria 42, 209–244, 1988Google Scholar
- 2.H. Beyer. Some aspects of the geometric calibration of CCD cameras. Proceedings ISPRS Intercommission Conference on Fast Processing of Photogrammetric Data, pp. 68–81. Interlaken, Switzerland, June 1987Google Scholar
- 3.H. Beyer. Geometric and radiometric analysis of a CCD camera based photogrammetric close-range system. Dissertation, No. 9701, ETH, Zürich 1992Google Scholar
- 4.A. Gruen, H. Beyer: Real-time photogrammetry at the Digital Photogram-metric Station (DIPS) of ETH Zurich. Paper presented at the ISPRS Commission V Symposium, Real-Time Photogrammetry — A New Challenge, June 16-19, Ottawa, and in: The Canadian Surveyor 41(2), 181–199, 1986Google Scholar
- 5.D.C. Brown. A solution to the general problem of multiple station analytical stereotriangulation. RCA Data Reduction Technical Report, No. 43, Patrick Air Force Base, Florida, 1958Google Scholar
- 6.D.C. Brown. Close-range camera calibration. Photogrammetric Engineering, 37 (8), 855 – 866, 1971Google Scholar
- 7.A. Gruen. Progress in photogrammetric point determination by compensation of systematic errors and detection of gross errors. Nachrichten aus dem Karten-und Vermessungswesen, Series II, 36, 113 – 140, 1978Google Scholar
- 8.A. Gruen. Precision and reliability aspects in close-range photogrammetry. Phot. Journal of Finland 8 (2), 117 – 132, 1980Google Scholar
- 9.A. Gruen. Photogrammetric point positioning with bundle adjustment (in German). Institut für Geodäsie und Photogrammetrie, ETH Zürich, Mitteilungen Nr. 40. (1986)Google Scholar
- 10.E. Kilpelä. Compensation of systematic errors of image and model coordinates (Report of ISPRS WG 1I1/3). International Archive of Photogramme-try, 23, B9, Hamburg 1980Google Scholar
- 11.D.C. Brown. The bundle adjustment — progress and prospects. International Archive of Photogrammetry 21 B3, Helsinki 1976Google Scholar
- 12.A. Gruen. Experiences with self-calibrating bundle adjustment. Presented Paper to the Convention of ACSM/ASP, Washington, D.C., March 1978Google Scholar