Prenatal Transplantation of Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Overview

  • D. V. Surbek
  • W. Holzgreve
Conference paper
Part of the Ernst Schering Research Foundation Workshop book series (SCHERING FOUND, volume 33)

Abstract

In the last 25 years, extensive progress has been made in the prenatal diagnosis of congenital diseases using non-invasive and invasive techniques. In contrast to prenatal diagnosis, prenatal therapy has shown limited success so far. Therefore, if a severe congenital disease is diagnosed early in gestation, many parents choose to terminate pregnancy. Prenatal transfer of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) is a promising approach to successfully treat fetuses affected by hematologic, immunologic, or metabolic diseases. Recently, clinical success has been achieved (Flake et al. 1996). The success, however, is limited to diseases where severe immunodeficiency is present in the fetus. This article aims to provide an overview of the current experience in animals and humans and to identify strategies to overcome the current obstacles.

Keywords

Toxicity Anemia Thalassemia Leukodystrophy Hemoglobinopathy 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. V. Surbek
  • W. Holzgreve

There are no affiliations available

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