Climate and Hydrology of the Baltic Basin

  • S. Bergström
  • H. Alexandersson
  • B. Carlsson
  • W. Josefsson
  • K.-G. Karlsson
  • G. Westring
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 148)


Due to its semi-enclosed character the Baltic Sea is very vulnerable to pollution and its environmental status is a major concern for the northern European countries. The water body is affected by contributions of freshwater and nutrients from rivers, pollution from industries, municipalities and shipping and by direct atmospheric deposition. The inflow of water of high salinity and high oxygen concentrations via the Danish Sounds is another critical factor for the ecosystem of the Baltic Sea. Many of these factors are dependent on the climate and the hydrology of the Baltic drainage basin.


Annual Runoff Global Radiation Geostrophic Wind Direct Solar Radiation Winter Half 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Bergström
  • H. Alexandersson
  • B. Carlsson
  • W. Josefsson
  • K.-G. Karlsson
  • G. Westring

There are no affiliations available

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