Multinational Enterprises and Industrial Restructuring: A Strategic Environmental Management Approach

  • Ans Kolk
Chapter

Abstract

Different perspectives can be taken, when looking at structural change and environmental protection. This book focuses on selected basic industries with a high environmental impact that have experienced a (temporary) decline in material output. These include chlorine, fertilisers, cement, petroleum refining and heavy industries. The economic and environmental pressures on these industries have brought individual, but also often collective responses from governments and companies, at European and/or international level. Companies also have the option of reacting through sectoral organisations at one or more of these levels, and sectoral restructuring — as well as the possibilities for intervention — therefore suggests a focus on companies and governments as two salient types of actors, as driving forces.

Keywords

Europe Petroleum Sludge Chlorine Flare 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ans Kolk
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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