Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Rheology

  • David Jou
  • José Casas-Vázquez
  • Manuel Criado-Sancho


Local-equilibrium thermodynamics assumes that the equations of state retain the same form out of equilibrium as in equilibrium, but with a local meaning [1.1–3]. According to this point of view, there is not strictly any thermodynamics under flow, since the flow does not change the equations of state, though it may modify the transport equations. This approach is insufficient to deal with systems with internal degrees of freedom, so that on some occasions [1.4–7] one includes in the set of thermodynamic variables some internal variables describing some details of the microstructure of the system, such as, for instance, the polymeric configuration. In this case, the flow may influence the thermodynamic equations of state through its action on such internal variables.


Entropy Production Internal Variable Diffusion Flux Gibbs Equation Viscous Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Jou
    • 1
  • José Casas-Vázquez
    • 1
  • Manuel Criado-Sancho
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament de Física Grup de Física EstadísticaUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterra, CataloniaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias y Técnicas FísicoquímicasUNEDMadridSpain

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