Post-Normal Science. Science and Governance under Conditions of Complexity
Policy-related research issues are particularly challenging for science. They include masses of detail concerning many particular topics, which require separate analysis and management. At the same time, there are broad strategic considerations which should guide regulatory work, such as those connected with precaution, safety or sustainability. Nothing can be managed in a convenient isolation; problems are mutually implicated extending across many scale levels of space and time; and uncertainties and value-loadings of all sorts and all degrees of severity affect data and theories alike.
KeywordsSystem Uncertainty Policy Process 21st Report Legitimate Perspective Decision Stake
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Descartes R (1824) Discours de la méthode, Part VI. Édition Victor Cous in ParisGoogle Scholar
- Futures (1999) Special Issue: Post-Normal Science. Ravetz JR (ed) 31: 7.Google Scholar
- Funtowicz SO, Ravetz JR (1992) Three Types of Risk Assessment and the Emergence of Post-Normal Science. In: Krimsky S, Golding D (eds) Social Theories of Risk. Praeger, Westport (CN), pp 251–273Google Scholar
- Kuhn TS (1962) The Structure of the Scientific Revolutions. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILGoogle Scholar
- UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution (1998) Setting Environmental Standards. 21st Report, Chapter 9 — Conclusions www.rcep.org.ukGoogle Scholar