Collective Phenomena at Interfaces: Superconductivity and Ferromagnetism

  • Hans Lüth
Part of the Advanced Texts in Physics book series (ADTP)


Collective phenomena such as superconductivity and ferromagnetism rely on the collective behavior of many particles, be they electrons paired in Cooper pairs or the spins of electrons in ferromagnetism. This implies a characteristic interaction, e.g. Cooper pairing via the Fröhlich interaction or the exchange interaction in ferromagnetism, and a coherence of the quantum-mechanical state over macroscopic or at least mesoscopic dimensions (several tens of nanometers). The characteristic length scale for such phenomena is the coherence length. This determines e.g., the distance from an interface or surface at which a collective phenomenon has fully developed given the fact that at the very surface insufficient neighboring particles are available for establishing the collective interaction.


Josephson Junction Cooper Pair Ferromagnetic Layer Normal Conductor Collective Phenomenon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 9.1
    J.G. Bednorz, K.A. Müuller: Z. Phys. B 64, 189 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 9.2
    J. Zaanen, A.T. Paxton, O. Jepsen, O.K. Anderson: Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2685 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 9.3
    K. Kajiyama, Y. Mizushima, S. Sakata: Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 458 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 9.4
    H. Ibach, H. Lüuth: Solid-State Physics, 2nd edn. ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1996 )CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 9.5
    N.N. Bogoliubov: Nuovo Cimento 7, 794 (1958)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 9.6
    A.F. Andreev: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz.: 46, 1823 (1964) [English transl.: Sov. Phys. JETP 19, 1228 (1964)]Google Scholar
  7. 9.7
    V.V. Schmidt (eds. P. Müuller, A.V. Ustinov ): The Physics of Superconductors (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1997 )Google Scholar
  8. 9.8
    G.E.Blonder, M. Tinkham, T.M. Klapwijk: Phys. Rev. B 25, 4515 (1982)Google Scholar
  9. 9.9
    R. Küummel, U. Gunsenheimer, R. Nicolsky: Phys. Rev. B 42, 3992 (1990) and R. Küummel: Z. Physik 218, 472 (1969)Google Scholar
  10. 9.10
    I.O. Kulik, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz 57, 1745 (1969) [Sov. Phys. JETP 30, 944 (1970)]Google Scholar
  11. 9.11
    H.X. Tang, Z.D. Wang, Y. Zhang: Z. Physik B101, 359 (1996)Google Scholar
  12. 9.12
    A. Chrestin, T. Matsuyama, U. Merkt: Phys. Rev. B 49, 498 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 9.13
    T.M. Klapwijk, G.E. Blonder, M. Tinkham: Physica B 109–110, 1657 (1982)Google Scholar
  14. 9.12
    Th. Schäpers: “Josephson effect in ballistic superconductor/ two-dimensional electron gas junctions”, Habilitation Thesis, Aachen University of Technology (RWTH), 2000; also to be published in Springer Tracts in Modern PhysicsGoogle Scholar
  15. 9.15
    Th. Schäpers, J. Malindretos, K. Neurohr, S.G. Lachenmann, A. van der Hart,G. Crecelius, H. Hardtdegen, H. Lüuth, A.A. Golubov: Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2348 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 9.16
    Th. Schäpers, A. Kaluza, K. Neurohr, J. Malindretos, G. Crecelius, A. van der Hart, H. Hardtdegen, H. Luth: Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 3537 (1997)Google Scholar
  17. 9.17
    J.P. Heida: PhD Thesis, Reijksuniversiteit Groningen (NL), 1998Google Scholar
  18. 9.18
    H. Takayanagi, T. Akazaki: Solid State Commun. 96, 815 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 9.19
    M. Octavio, M. Tinkham, G.E. Blonder, T.M. Klapwijk: Phys. Rev. B 27, 6739 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 9.20
    B.A. Aminov, A.A. Golubov, M.Yu. Kuprianov: Phys. Rev. B 53, 365 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 9.21
    K. Neurohr, Th. Schäpers, J. Malindretos, S. Lachenmann, A.I. Braginski,H. Lüuth, M. Behet, G. Borghs, A.A. Golubov: Phys. Rev. B 59 (1999)Google Scholar
  22. 9.22
    J. Callaway, C.S. Wang: Phys. Rev. B 7, 1096 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 9.23
    S. Handschuh, S. Blüugel: Solid-State Commun. 105, 633 (1998), and 24. IFFFerienschule “Magnetismus von Festkörpern und Grenzflächen”, Forschungszentrum Jüulich 1993, p. 19Google Scholar
  24. 9.24
    S. Blüugel: “Ground State Properties of Ultrathin Magnetic Films”, Habilitation Thesis, Aachen University of Technology (RWTH ), 1995Google Scholar
  25. 9.25
    D.L. Abraham, H. Hopster: Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1352 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 9.26
    N. Mermin, H. Wagner: Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 1133 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 9.27
    Yi Li, K. Baberschke: Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 1208 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 9.28
    F.J.A. den Broeder, W. Hoving, P.J.H. Bloemen: J. Magn. Mater. 93, 562 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 9.29
    M. Wuttig, B. Feldmann, T. Flores: Surface Sci. 331, 659 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 9.30
    P. Bruno, C. Chappert: Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 1602 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 9.31
    C. Carbone, E. Vescovo, R. Kläsges, W. Eberhardt: Solid State Commun. 100, 749 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 9.32
    L. Nordström,, P. Lang, R. Zeller, P.H. Dederichs: Europhys. Lett. 29, 395 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 9.33
    C. Carbone, E. Vescovo, O. Rader, W. Gudat, W. Eberhardt: Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2805 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 9.34
    J.E. Ortega, F.J. Himpsel: Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 844 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 9.35
    P. Grüunberg, R. Schreiber, Y. Pang, M.B. Brodsky, H. Sowers: Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2442 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 9.36
    M.N. Baibich, J.M. Broto, A. Fert, F. Nguyen van Dan, F. Petroff, P. Etienne,G. Creuzet, A. Friedrich, J. Chazelas: Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2472 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 9.37
    G. Reiss, L.v. L.yen, T. Lucinski, W. Ernst, H. Brüuckl: J. Magnet. Magnet.Mater. 184, 281 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Lüth
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbHInstitut für Schichten und GrenzflächenJülichGermany
  2. 2.Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische HochschuleAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations