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Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems

  • Rainer Friedrich
  • Peter Bickel
Chapter

Abstract

The impacts of transport on terrestrial ecosystems can be broadly divided into three different categories:
  • Effects on the physical structure of the landscape, such as direct loss of land and habitat fragmentation, of the land used solely for transport

  • Effects of management of the transport route and adjacent land, including cutting and clearing vegetation, salting and drainage

  • Effects produced by use of the transport system, for example the impacts of atmospheric emissions from the transport vehicles and dispersal of organisms.

Keywords

Land Cover Road Network Critical Load Buffer Strip Rail Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Friedrich
    • 1
  • Peter Bickel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy (IER)University of StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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