Impacts on Terrestrial Ecosystems
Effects on the physical structure of the landscape, such as direct loss of land and habitat fragmentation, of the land used solely for transport
Effects of management of the transport route and adjacent land, including cutting and clearing vegetation, salting and drainage
Effects produced by use of the transport system, for example the impacts of atmospheric emissions from the transport vehicles and dispersal of organisms.
KeywordsLand Cover Road Network Critical Load Buffer Strip Rail Network
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