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Acetobacter xylinum — Biotechnology and Food Technology

  • Robert E. Cannon
Chapter
Part of the Springer Lab Manuals book series (SLM)

Abstract

Acetobacter xylinum is a Gram negative soil bacterium that synthesizes and secretes cellulose as part of its metabolism of glucose. Cellulose is the most abundant natural polymer on Earth, and is the major constituent of the cell wall of plants. The cellulose produced by A. xylinum is structurally and chemically identical to cellulose found in higher plants, and in addition, is not contaminated by lignins or other cellulosic derivatives. It is for this reason that Acetobacter xylinum serves as a potential model organism for the study of cellulose biosynthesis.

Keywords

Bacterial Cellulose Food Technology Microfuge Tube Cellulose Biosynthesis Dibasic Sodium Phosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Hall P et al. (1992) Transformation of Acetobacter xylinum with plasmid DNA by electroporation. Plasmid 28: 194–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cannon R, Anderson S (1991) Biogenesis of bacterial cellulose. CRC Critical Reviews in Microbiology 17: 435–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Toda K et al. (1997) Cellulose production by acetic-acid resistant Acetobacter xylinum. J. Fermentation and Bioengineering 84: 228–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Cannon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA

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