Acetobacter xylinum — Biotechnology and Food Technology

  • Robert E. Cannon
Part of the Springer Lab Manuals book series (SLM)


Acetobacter xylinum is a Gram negative soil bacterium that synthesizes and secretes cellulose as part of its metabolism of glucose. Cellulose is the most abundant natural polymer on Earth, and is the major constituent of the cell wall of plants. The cellulose produced by A. xylinum is structurally and chemically identical to cellulose found in higher plants, and in addition, is not contaminated by lignins or other cellulosic derivatives. It is for this reason that Acetobacter xylinum serves as a potential model organism for the study of cellulose biosynthesis.


Bacterial Cellulose Food Technology Microfuge Tube Cellulose Biosynthesis Dibasic Sodium Phosphate 
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  2. Cannon R, Anderson S (1991) Biogenesis of bacterial cellulose. CRC Critical Reviews in Microbiology 17: 435–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Toda K et al. (1997) Cellulose production by acetic-acid resistant Acetobacter xylinum. J. Fermentation and Bioengineering 84: 228–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Cannon
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of North Carolina at GreensboroGreensboroUSA

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