Patient Treatment

  • Susan S. Adler
  • Dominiek Beckers
  • Math Buck


Planning treatment is a systematic process to develop the most appropriate treatment for each patient (Sullivan et al. 1982). Our treatment seeks to help each patient gain the highest level of function possible.


Arch Phys Indirect Treatment Dynamic Reversal Manual Contact Repeated Contraction 
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Further Reading Exercise

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  4. Hellebrandt FA Houtz SJ (1958) Methods of muscle training: the influence of pacing. Phys Ther 38:319–322Google Scholar
  5. Hellebrandt FA, Houtz SJ, Eubank RN (1951) Influence of alternate and reciprocal exercise on work capacity. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 32:766–776PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  7. Nelson AG, Chambers RS, McGown CM, Penrose KW (1986) Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation versus weight training for enhancement of muscular strength and athletic performance. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 8:250–253Google Scholar
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  9. Partridge MJ (1962) Repetitive resistance exercise: a method of indirect muscle training. Phys Ther 42:233–239Google Scholar
  10. Pink M (1981) Contralateral effects of upper extremity proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation patterns. Phys Ther 61:1158–1162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Richardson C, Toppenberg R, Jull G (1990) An initial evaluation of eight abdominal exercises for their ability to provide stabilization for the lumbar spine. Aust Physiother 36: 6–11Google Scholar


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Motor Control and Motor Learning

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  1. Baker RJ, Bell GW (1991) The effect of therapeutic modalities on blood flow in the human calf. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 13:23–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
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  6. Sabbahi MA, Powers WR (1981) Topical anesthesia: a possible treatment method for spasticity. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 62:310–314PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan S. Adler
    • 1
  • Dominiek Beckers
    • 2
  • Math Buck
    • 2
  1. 1.ChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Rehabilitation Centre HoensbroekHoensbroekNetherlands

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