Mat Activities

  • Susan S. Adler
  • Dominiek Beckers
  • Math Buck


The mat program involves the patient in activities incorporating both movement and stability. They range from single movements, such as unilateral scapula motions, to complex combinations requiring both stabilization and motion, such as crawling or knee walking. The activities are done in different positions, for function and to vary the effects of reflexes or gravity. The therapist also chooses positions that can help control abnormal or undesired movements. Mat treatment unites all the parts of the PNF philosophy. In this situation it is easy to begin with activities that are strong and pain free and work toward improving those functions that need improvement. Because the mat activities involve many parts of the body, irradiation from the strong parts is easier to achieve. Last (but not least) the work can be fun.


Trunk Muscle Rolling Motion Weight Shift Trunk Flexion Neck Flexion 
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  1. VanSant AF (1991) Life-span motor development. In: Contemporary management of motor control problems. Proceedings of the Step Conference II Foundation for Physical Therapy, Alexandria, VAGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Portney LG, Sullivan PE, Schunk MC (1982) The EMG activity of trunk-lower extremity muscles in bilateral-unilateral bridging. Phys Ther 62:664Google Scholar
  2. Schunk MC (1982) Electromyographic study of the peroneus longus muscle during bridging activities. Phys Ther 62:970–975PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Sullivan PE, Portney LG, Rich CH, Langham TA (1982) The EMG activity of trunk and hip musculature during unresisted and resisted bridging. Phys Ther 62:662Google Scholar
  4. Sullivan PE, Portney LG, Troy L, Markos PD (1982) The EMG activity of knee muscles during bridging with resistance applied at three joints. Phys Ther 62:648Google Scholar
  5. Troy L, Markos PD, Sullivan PE, Portney LG (1982) The EMG activity of knee muscles during bilateral-unilateral bridging at three knee angles. Phys Ther 62:662Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan S. Adler
    • 1
  • Dominiek Beckers
    • 2
  • Math Buck
    • 2
  1. 1.ChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Rehabilitation Centre HoensbroekHoensbroekNetherlands

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