Prototype Urbanisms

  • Juval Portugali
Part of the Springer Series in Synergetics book series (SSSYN)


What has been the nature of cities and urbanism over the last 50 years? What prototype images have captured the center stage of our perceptions and categorizations of cities and what instances and properties of cities and urbanism were pushed to the periphery? How has the IRN process — this on-going interplay between internal images and external appearances of the city — developed?


Entropy Migration Europe Transportation Hexagonal 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juval Portugali
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and the Human EnvironmentTel Aviv UniversityRamat Aviv, Tel AvivIsrael

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