Microbes and Black Shales

  • Wolfgang Oschmann
Chapter

Abstract

Black shales, in general, form under low oxic to anoxic conditions, where microbes have evolved a variety of metabolic pathways. Modern oxygen-depleted environments typically contain anaerobic heterotrophic bacteria, aerobic chemolithoautotrophic bacteria (which partly live in mutualistic relationship with certain metazoa) and anaerobic photoautotrophic bacteria. These bacteria mainly degrade but partly also form organic matter. Their metabolic pathways and their preservational potential in the fossil record are discussed here. In many cases only metabolic waste products, e.g. pyrite, and certain bacterial derived biomarkers are preserved. Relicts of microbials mats occur as rare exceptions.

Keywords

Clay Phytoplankton Lignin Uranium Photosynthesis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Oschmann
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institut und Museum für Geologie und PaläontologieUniversität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Geologisch-Paläontologisches InstitutUniversität FrankfurtFrankfurt am MainGermany

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