Space Stations pp 329-370 | Cite as

System Engineering

  • Ernst Messerschmid
  • Reinhold Bertrand
Chapter
In the previous chapters, various space stations and space concepts have been presented. In this context, certain elements continue to occur repetitively in one form or the other, such as the following:
  • Pressurized modules for experiments and the crew

  • Pressurized connection nodes and docking adapters

  • Structural elements (e.g. trusses) to connect the modules

  • Solar collectors, usually tracking the Sun

  • Thermal radiators

  • External payloads

  • Manipulator systems

  • Operational elements such as logistics or rescue vehicles

In principal, any geometric configuration can be formed from these basic compo nents of a space station. For that reason, it is even more astonishing that the results of most of the configuration studies are only a few patterns which are very similar to one another. This observation raises the question of which factors determine the design of a space station in the end - this is a question of configurational system de sign which will be analyzed in the framework of this chapter. First, the challenges of system design and the environment in which it takes place will be discussed. Sec ond, a possible methodology and possible design tools will be introduced.

Keywords

Europe Torque Transportation Assure Univer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [Bertrand 98]
    Bertrand, R.: Conceptual Design and Flight Simulation of Space Systems. Space Systems Institute, Dissertation, University of Stuttgart, 1998.Google Scholar
  2. [Casani 97]
    Casani, E. K.; Thomas, N. W: The Flight System Testbed WWW-document http://fst.jpl.nasa.gov/papers/SPIE-94/SPIE-94.html,/papers/SPIE-94/SPIE-94.html, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 1997.
  3. [De Kruyf 91]
    De Kruyf, J.: Analysis Modelling and Space-Specific Analyses Using “ESA- BASE”. ESA Journal, Vol. 15, No. 3/4, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. [ECSS-E-10A]
    Space Engineering — System Engineering. ECSS-E-10A, EC S S Secretariat, ESA-ESTEC, Requirements and Standards Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 19 April 1996.Google Scholar
  5. [ECSS-M-30A]
    Space Project Management — Project Phasing and Planning. ECSS-M-30A, ECSS Secretariat, ESA-ESTEC, Requirements & Standards Division, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, April 19, 1996.Google Scholar
  6. [Eichler 90]
    Eichler, P.; Rex, D.: The Risk of Collision Between Manned Space Vehicles and Orbital Debris — Analysis and Basic Conclusions. Zeitschrift fur Flugwissenschaften und Weltraumforschung, 14,1990, pp. 145–154, Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. [ESA FFP/PS/753]
    Sachs, P.: Generic Review Plan. ESAFFP/PS/753, Ref. 91115EST0095, Rev. 2, ESA-ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, 1991.Google Scholar
  8. [Foley 96]
    Foley, T. M.: Engineering the Space Station. Aerospace America, October 1996, AIAA, Reston, VA, ISSN 0740–722X, 1996.Google Scholar
  9. [Hunger 95]
    Hunger, J. W.: Engineering the System Solution: A Practical Guide to Developing Systems. Prentice Hall PTR, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, ISBN 0–13–594524–0, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. [IEEE 1220]
    IEEE Trial-Use Standard for Application and Management of the Systems Engineering Process. IEEE Std 1220–1994, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, NY, 1995.Google Scholar
  11. [Larson 92]
    Larson, W. J.; Wertz, J. R. (Ed.): Space Mission Analysis and Design. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 1992.Google Scholar
  12. [McCaffrey 88]
    McCaffrey, R.W.: Space Station/Platform Configurations. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences, AAS 84–114.Google Scholar
  13. [NASA SP-6105]
    NASA Systems Engineering Handbook. NASA SP-6105, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, USA, June 1995.Google Scholar
  14. [NASA TM 87383]
    Conceptual Design and Evaluation of Selected Space Station Concepts. NASA Technical Memorandum 87383, Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX, 1983.Google Scholar
  15. [NRC 95]
    Committee on the Space Station: The Capabilities of Space Stations. Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, National Research Council, National Academy Press, Washington, DC 1995.Google Scholar
  16. [Powell 84]
    Powell, L. E.: Space Station Concept Development Group Studies. IAF Paper 84–27, 35th International Astronautical Congress, Lausanne, Switzerland, Oct. 7–13, 1984.Google Scholar
  17. [Shaw 92]
    Shaw, T. E.; Lacy, J. A.: An Overview of Systems Engineering Management Methods and Processes. AIAA paper no. 92–1539, Space Programs and Technologies Conference, Huntsville, AL, Mar. 24–27, 1992.Google Scholar
  18. [Smith 96]
    Smith, D. B.: Reengineering Space Projects. Computer Tools, Systems Engineering and Competitiveness Symposium, March 5–7, Paris, France, 1997, WWW document http://fst.jpl.nasa.gov/DNP/Paris.html, November 1996.Google Scholar
  19. [Rittel 73]
    Rittel, H. W.; Webber, M. M.: Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences 4, 1973, pp. 155–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [Weiser 96]
    Weiser, Thomas: Raumstation. Thesis, Institut fur Darstellen und Gestalten, Space Systems Institute, University of Stuttgart, 1996.Google Scholar
  21. [Wöhlke 88]
    Wöhlke, W.: Modelling the Microgravity Environment of the Man-Tended Free Flyer (MTFF). 25th Space Congress, Cocoa Beach, FL, 1988.Google Scholar
  22. [Woodcock 86]
    Woodcock, G.R.: Space Stations and Platforms, Orbit Book Company, Malabar, 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ernst Messerschmid
    • 1
  • Reinhold Bertrand
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für RaumfahrtsystemeUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

Personalised recommendations