Geographical Information Technology and Strategic Physical Planning

  • Stan Geertman
Part of the Advances in Spatial Science book series (ADVSPATIAL)


Since the early 1990s, interest in information systems that can be used to store, manage, process, analyse and present locational data, has grown rapidly. The generic systems that have been developed include Computer Aided Design (CAD) systems, Facility Management (FM) systems, Automated Mapping (AM) systems, Desktop Mapping (DM) systems, Land Information Systems (LIS), Remote Sensing (RS) systems, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and Spatial Decision Support Systems (SDSS). These types of systems differ from one another in their primary focus and in their underlying data structure and functionality (Scholten and Stillwell 1990). CAD systems, for example, are devoted to design activities and, accordingly, they are particularly well equipped with cartographic functions although their database query and geometrical analytical functions are very limited. In contrast, GIS offer functions that are particularly well suited to spatial analytical research (at least, this is what they promise). However, their cartographic design functions are limited in comparison to CAD systems (see, for example, Cowen 1988, Kevany 1989, Newell and Thériault 1990). Although different in functionality and capability, these systems resemble each other in the sense that they handle the locational features of phenomena and data explicitly. Therefore, in this chapter these systems are described collectively as geographical information technology.


Geographical Information System Contextual Variable Policy Process Policy Support Physical Planning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stan Geertman
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Geographical Sciences/NexpRIUtrecht UniversityUtrechtNetherlands

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