Structure Contouring

  • Richard H. GroshongJr.

Abstract

This chapter covers the basic techniques of contouring continuous surfaces, the construction of composite surface maps, and map validation using structure contours. The contouring of faults and faulted surfaces is treated in Chapter 6.

Keywords

Hydrocarbon Sandstone Shale Drilling Azimuth 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Badgley PC (1959) Structural methods for the exploration geologist. Harper & Brothers, New York, 280 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Banks R (1991) Contouring algorithms. Geobyte 6:15–23Google Scholar
  3. Banks R (1993) Computer stacking of multiple geologic surfaces. Petro Systems World. Winter: 14–16Google Scholar
  4. Bishop MS (1960) Subsurface mapping. John Wiley, New York, 198 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Cherry BA (1990) Internal deformation and fold kinematics of part of the Sequatchie anticline, southern Appalachian fold and thrust belt, Blount County, Alabama. MS Thesis, Univ. Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 78 ppGoogle Scholar
  6. Dennison JM (1968) Analysis of geologic structures. WW Norton, New York, 209 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Faill RT (1969) Kink band structures in the Valley and Ridge Province, central Pennsylvania. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 80: 2539–2550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Faill RT (1973) Tectonic development of the Triassic Newark-Gettysburg Basin in Pennsylvania. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 84: 725–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fontaine DA (1985) Mapping techniques that pay: Oil Gas J. 83,12:146–147Google Scholar
  10. Hamilton DE, Jones TA (1992) Algorithm comparison with cross sections. In,: Hamilton DE, Jones TA (eds) Computer modeling of geologic surfaces and volumes. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, pp 273–278Google Scholar
  11. Handley EJ (1954) Contouring is important. World Oil 183,4:106–107Google Scholar
  12. Jones NL, Nelson J (1992) Geoscientific modeling with TINs. Geobyte 7: 44–49Google Scholar
  13. Jones TA, Hamilton DE (1992) A philosophy of contour mapping with a computer. In: Hamilton DE, Jones TA (eds) Computer modeling of geologic surfaces and volumes. American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, pp 1–7Google Scholar
  14. Jones TA, Krum GL (1992) Pitfalls in computer contouring, Part II. Geobyte 7: 31–37Google Scholar
  15. Jones TA, Hamilton DE, Johnson CR (1986) Contouring geologic surfaces with the computer. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 314 ppGoogle Scholar
  16. Krajewski SA, Gibbs BL (1994) Computer contouring generates artifacts. Geotimes 39:15–19Google Scholar
  17. Oliveros RB (1989) Correcting 2-D seismic mis-ties. Geobyte 4: 43–47Google Scholar
  18. Rettger RE (1929) On specifying the type of structural contouring. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull. 13: 1559–1561Google Scholar
  19. Sebring L Jr (1958) Chief tool of the petroleum exploration geologist: The subsurface structural map. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull. 42: 561–587Google Scholar
  20. Tearpock DJ (1992) Contouring: Art or science?. Geobyte 7: 40–43Google Scholar
  21. Thomas WA (1986) Sequatchie anticline, the northwesternmost structure of the Appalachian fold-thrust belt in Alabama: Geological Society of America centennial field guide — southeastern section. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colorado, pp 177–180Google Scholar
  22. Walters RF (1969) Contouring by machine: a user’s guide. Am. Assoc. Pet. Geol. Bull. 53: 2324–2340Google Scholar
  23. Watson DF, Philip GM (1984) Triangle-based interpolation. Math. Geol. 16: 779–795CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Weijermars R (1997) Structural geology and map interpretation. Alboran Science Publishing, Amsterdam, 378 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard H. GroshongJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

Personalised recommendations