Basis and Applications of High Resolution Electron Microscopy (HREM) for the Characterization of Ceramics and Glass-Ceramics

  • J. Ma. Rincón
  • M. Romero
Chapter

Abstract

The microstructure characterization of ceramics, traditional and advanced, as well as glass-ceramics can be nowadays investigated by modern transmission electron microscopes which allow high resolution microstructure views of the crystalline phase details that constitute these materials to be obtained. From the lattice fringes to the network images very valuable information can be obtained by the use of the two or multi-beam electron illuminations giving direct information from crystalline structures, ordering effects, internal defects, twinning, transformation of phases, interfaces etc. After a summary reviewing the fundamentals of this type of electron microscopy, several examples are shown, as well as problems that can be afforded by HREM in ceramics and glass-ceramics.

Keywords

Crystallization Zirconia Carbide Platinum Hexagonal 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Ma. Rincón
    • 1
  • M. Romero
    • 1
  1. 1.The Glass-Ceramic Lab.Instituto E. Torroja de C.C. Construcción, CSIC, c/Serrano Galvache s/nMadridSpain

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