European R&D Policy from a Global Perspective

  • Paul J. J. Welfens
  • John T. Addison
  • David B. Audretsch
  • Thomas Gries
  • Hariolf Grupp
Chapter

Abstract

European R&D policy needs to be evaluated and formulated within the context of a global perspective. Part of the reason for the importance of a global perspective is the opportunity to learn from the experience of other countries. But the biggest reason is that globalization has shaped the types of R&D policies that tend to be successful in Europe.

Keywords

Crystallization Europe Income Marketing Expense 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul J. J. Welfens
    • 1
  • John T. Addison
    • 2
  • David B. Audretsch
    • 3
  • Thomas Gries
    • 4
  • Hariolf Grupp
    • 5
  1. 1.European Institute for International Economic RelationsUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany
  2. 2.Department of Economics, College of Business AdministrationUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Development Strategies (SPEA)Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  4. 4.Fachbereich 5, Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Volkswirtschaftslehre, Internationale Wachstums- und KonjunkturtheorieUniversity of PaderbornPaderbornGermany
  5. 5.Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI)KarlsruheGermany

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