Energy Band Structure

  • Karlheinz Seeger


The energy band structure is the relationship between the energy and momentum of a carrier in a solid. For an electron in free space, the energy is proportional to the square of the momentum. The factor of proportionality is l/(2m 0), where m 0 is the free electron mass. In the simple model of band structure, the same relationship between energy and momentum is assumed except that m 0 is replaced by an effective mass m. This may be larger or smaller than m 0. Why this is so will be seen later in this chapter. Quite often the band structure is more complex and can only be calculated semi-empirically even with computers. A short description of some typical band structures will be given in Sect. 2.4 and used for the calculation of charge transport in Chaps. 7, 8, while in Chaps. 4, 5, the transport properties will be calculated assuming the simple model of band structure (which is quite a good approximation for most purposes).


Valence Band Band Structure Effective Mass Brillouin Zone Heavy Hole 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karlheinz Seeger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.ViennaAustria
  2. 2.Institut für Materialphysik der UniversitätViennaAustria

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