Mercury Speciation of MSWI Flue Gas on Pilot and Industrial Scales
An on-line system has been applied to measure mercury (Hg) speciation from a pilot combustion simulator and from an industrial scale Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) plant in Göteborg, southwest Sweden. Under simulated waste incineration conditions, 60–80% Hg was found in its oxidized form Hg(II). At the MSWI plant, equipped with a modern flue gas cleaning system, Hg at concentrations about 10–15 μg m−3 was emitted to the atmosphere, of which 15–20% was Hg(II).
KeywordsCombustion Toxicity Mercury Sulfite Incineration
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bloom N, Presto E, Miklavcic VL (1993) Flue gas mercury emissions and speciation from fossil fuel combustion. Presented at: Conf on Managing air toxics: state of art, Capitol Hilton, Washington, DC, 13–15 July 1993Google Scholar
- Carty AJ, Malone SF (1979) The chemistry of mercury in biological system. In: The biogeochemistry of mercury in the environment chap zo Nriagu JO (ed) Elsevier North-Holland Biomedical Press, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
- GRAAB (1993) Environment report 94:1, Gothenburg Municipal Waste Incineration Plant, Box 95, 401 21 Göteborg, Sweden. Göteborgsregionens Avfalls AB, Raport 94:1, Miliörapport 1993 (in Swedish)Google Scholar
- Hall B (1992) An experimental study of mercury reactions in combustion flue gases. Thesis, Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology and University of Göteborg, SwedenGoogle Scholar
- Larjava K (1993) On the measurement of volatile metal species at elevated temperature, thesis, Espoo, Technical Research Center of Finland, VTT publications 137Google Scholar
- Lindqvist O (1994) Chemical transformation mechanisms, a synthesis report. Workshop Proc EPRI Rep No TR-1o4214. Convened 16–18 March 1994, Tampa, FloridaGoogle Scholar
- Lindqvist O, Schager P (1990) Continuous measurements of mercury in flue gases from waste incinerators and combustion plants. VDI Ber 838: 401–421Google Scholar
- Rodhe H (1996) The global mercury cycle - how large is the human impact? 4th Int Mercury Conf, 4–8 Aug 1996, Hamburg, Germany, Abstr p 2Google Scholar
- Swedish Standard SS o2 84 23 (1992) Air quality - stationary source emissions - determination of total mass concentration of mercury - homeless atomic absorption methods, Box 3295, 103 66 Stockholm, Sweden (Standardiseringskommissionen i Sverige (SIS) (in Swedish)Google Scholar