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Non-Food Production: Economic, Environmental and Land Use Aspects

  • Philippe Chartier
Conference paper

Abstract

Non-food production has always existed in agricultural activity: plants used as raw materials for textiles are evidence of this. In addition, species that yield new high-added-value molecules have uses in sectors such as pharmacology, cosmetics and food additives, but occupy very little land area. Large-scale non-food production involves primarily potential substitutes for petroleum feedstocks for basic chemicals, liquid and solid fuels. Within the scope of these applications, this paper addresses the following points:
  • current and future resources, with particular emphasis on the question of available lands

  • potential economic competitiveness

  • issues and limitations, notably from an environmental standpoint.

In this outlook, this paper deals with current steps taken in terms of regional niche markets and obstacles hindering the establishment of product channels, but also with the driving social forces that enable society to follow the learning curve of new technologies. These topics are illustrated by the case of the AGRICE group and liquid biofuels in France.

Keywords

Anaerobic Digestion Energy Price Paper Pulp Liquid Biofuel AGRICE Group 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected References

  1. Chartier PH., Beenackers A.A.C.M, Grassi G., 1995. Biomass for energy, environment, agriculture and industry. Proceedings of the 8th European Biomass Conference, Vienna, Austria. Pergamon, Elsevier Science, UK. 2426 p.Google Scholar
  2. Chartier PH., Battais L., Defaye S., DE Silguy C., 1996. Prospectives de la biomasse pour l’énergie dans l’Union Européenne Rapport remis à la Commission Européenne. 83 p.Google Scholar
  3. Gosse G., Mauguin PH., 1996. Prospective for biomass for energy in EU: land availability, land use and agricultural development. Environmental impact of biomass for energy. The Netherlands (sous presse).Google Scholar
  4. De Silguy C., Corte. P., Merillot J.M., 1996. Biomass research and development strategies Rapport remis à la Commission européenne, 123 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philippe Chartier
    • 1
  1. 1.Scientific DivisionAgence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l’EnergieParis cedex 15France

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