Transport and Reactions of Petroleum Contaminants in the Unsaturated Soil Zone from Leaking Underground Tanks

  • J. B. Carberry
Conference paper


Groundwaters are increasingly threatened by oil leaks, disposal of hazardous wastes, and landfill leachates migrating through the soil mantle (Wilson et al. 1981; MacKay et al. 1985). Several mechanisms control migration of toxics to underground aquifers (Short 1987), i.e., hydrological transport, adsorption/desorption, volatilization, and decomposition, including biodegradation. The fate and transport of petroleum products in the soil environment are complex and dynamic, including all of the above mechanisms (Grenny et al. 1987; Symons et al. 1988).


Chemical Oxygen Demand Soil Column Vadose Zone Fine Soil Coarse Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Society for Testing Materials (1985) Standard method for particle-size analysis of soils. D422–63. 04.08:117–127Google Scholar
  2. Cohen Y (1986) Organic pollutant transport. Environ Sci Technol 20(6):538–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dupont RR (1986) Evaluation of air emission release rate model predictions of hazardous organics from land treatment facilities. Environ Prog 5(3):197–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Grady CPL Jr (1987) Biodegradation: its measurement and microbiological basis. Biotechnol Bioeng 27:660–674CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Grenny WJ, Caupp CL, Sims RC (1987) A mathematical model for the fate of hazardous substances in soil: model description and experimental results. Hazard Waste Hazard Mater 4(3):223–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hamaker JW (1972) Diffusion and volatilization. In: Goring CAI, Hamaker JW (eds) Organic chemicals in the soil environment. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 341–393Google Scholar
  7. Jury WA (1986) Adsorption of organic chemicals onto soil. In: Hem ST, Melanaon SM (eds) Vadose zone modeling of organic pollutants. SM Lewis, Chelsea, Michigan, pp 3–36Google Scholar
  8. Leahy JG, Colwell RR (1990) Microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the environment. Microbiol Rev 54:305–315Google Scholar
  9. Letey J, Oddson JK (1972) Mass transfer. In: Goring CAI, Hamaker JW (eds) Organic chemicals in the soil environment. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 399–442Google Scholar
  10. MacKay DM, Roberts PV, Cherny JA (1985) Transport of organic contaminants in groundwater. Environ Sci Technol 19(5):384–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Raymond RL, Hudson JD, Jamison VW (1976) Oil degradation in soil. Appl Environ Microbiol 31(4):522–535Google Scholar
  12. Short T (1987) Movement of contaminants from oily wastes during land treatment. In: Calabrese EJ, Kostecki PT (eds) Soils contaminated by petroleum. John Wiley, New York, pp 317–330Google Scholar
  13. Symons BD, Sims RC, Grenny WJ (1988) Fate and transport of organics in soil: model predictions and experimental results. J Water Pollut Control Fed 60:1684–1693Google Scholar
  14. Vercellone-Smith P, Herson DS (1996) Toluene elicits a carbon starvation response in Pseudomonas putida mt-2 containing TOL-plasmid pWWO. Appl Environ Microbiology 63:1925–1932Google Scholar
  15. Walker JD, Petrakis L, Colwell RR (1975) Microbial petroleum degradation application of computerized mass spectrometry. Can J Microbiol 21:1760–1767CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Walker JD, Petrakis L, Colwell RR (1976) Comparison of the biodegradability of crude oil and fuel oils. Am J Microbiol 22:598–605Google Scholar
  17. Wilson JT, Enfield CG, Dunlap WJ, Cosby RL, Foster DA, Baskin LB (1981) Transport and fate of selected organic pollutants in a sandy soil. J Environ Qual 10(4):501–506CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. B. Carberry
    • 1
  1. 1.Judith Bower Carberry, Inc.USA

Personalised recommendations