Distribution and Ecology of Geophytes in Chile. Conservation Threats to Geophytes in Mediterranean-Type Regions

  • A. J. Hoffmann
  • F. Liberona
  • A. E. Hoffmann
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 136)


In this chapter, we study the distribution of geophytes in Chile and review the literature on their biology and ecology. This may help in understanding the causes accounting for their distribution patterns, and the results may serve to determine the conservation status of geophytes in central Chile. To our knowledge, this is the first time that an assessment of the conservation status, based on objective data, has been attempted for geophytes. Finally, we analyze conservation problems for geophytes in other mediterraneantype regions. The design of conservation measures for geophytes is urgent in these regions, where anthropogenic intervention has occurred for many years. We refer briefly to the conservation status of geophytes in Chile, California, the Iberian Peninsula and South Africa. Rather than discussing particular problems in each country, we analyze what is known, what can be done, and what has been done toward the conservation of geophytes in mediterranean regions. On the other hand, many of these plants have attractive flowers (Hoffmann 1989), and knowledge of their biology and requirements is useful for cultivation, in turn helping to preserve some threatened species.


Mediterranean Region Threatened Species Storage Organ Root Tuber Latitudinal Distribution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Hoffmann
  • F. Liberona
  • A. E. Hoffmann

There are no affiliations available

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