The objective of this contribution is to provide the basics of Petri net theory in order to model and evaluate Discrete Event Systems (DES). The first part of the contribution is devoted to the common definitions and properties of Petri nets. Qualitative properties are then introduced. These properties are those who are of importance when manufacturing systems are concerned. Finally, a short introduction of event graphs is proposed; these graphs are of utmost importance to study cyclic DES.
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