Global Sea Level Analysis Based on ERS-1 Altimeter Data

  • M. Anzenhofer
  • Th. Gruber
  • M. Rentsch
Conference paper
Part of the International Association of Geodesy Symposia book series (IAG SYMPOSIA, volume 117)


Global mean sea level observations are necessary to answer the urgent questions about climate changes and their impact on socioeconomy. At GFZ/D-PAF, ERS altimeter data is used to systematically generate geophysical products like sea surface topography, high resolution geoid, short-period and stationary sea surface height models. Based on that experience fully reprocessed ERS-1 altimeter data is used to perform a time series of monthly sea surface height models from April 1992 to April 1995. The reprocessing consists of improved satellite ephemerides, merging of Grenoble tidal model and application of range corrections due to timing errors. The three years time series is taken to estimate the rate of change of global mean sea level. This includes a careful treatment of seasonal effects by a common masking procedure. The obtained rate of change is compared to external results from tide gauges. The relatively short period of three years, however, does not allow definite conclusions with respect to possible secular climate changes.


Tide Gauge Altimeter Data Ionospheric Correction International Reference Ionosphere Model Crossover Difference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Anzenhofer
    • 1
  • Th. Gruber
    • 1
  • M. Rentsch
    • 1
  1. 1.Division 1 D-PAFGeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ)OberpfaffenhofenGermany

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