In this work, studies concerning electron production mechanisms in ion-atom collisions, which have been performed over the past 30 years, have been reviewed. This review makes evident the enormous amount of work that has been carried out during that time. Many of the studies have been motivated by the challenge to understand multibody interactions. In addition, many studies have been motivated by the fundamental importance of ion-induced electron emission as applied to many fields, including the technology of ion production, plasma and fusion research, astronomy, and various branches of solid state physics. It is safe to state that the research about ion-induced electron emission has provided a meritorious service to scientists from other fields of physics.
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